New Way Type C Model A

3.5 HP @ 450 RPM

Manufactured in Lansing Michigan U.S.A. in 1912

This is an air-cooled hit and miss four stroke engine.  The engine starts on petrol by pouring a small amount into the primer cup fitted into the head above the oiler.  Once started it will pull fuel from the tank situated in the bottom of the engine this fuel can be either petrol or kerosene.

While a total loss engine the only lubrication is from the oiler mounted in the cylinder wall.  This is set to deliver ten drops per minute.  The design is clever in that the oil lubricates the cylinder then finds its way to the bottom of the crankcase where a cup on the conrod picks it up to lubricate the big end.  The oil fills the bottom of the crankcase sufficiently enough to also lubricate the main bearings, and seep out to lubricate the cam and magneto gears.  Crank case pressure forces oil up through a one-way valve fitted into the crankcase casting and into a pipe to lubricate the fan bushes.

It has one of the earliest forms of carburettor, in fact it is not a carburettor, but a mixer. It consists of a butterfly valve, a fixed jet hole where the stop valve is fitted.  A fixed tube fitted across the mixer body above the butterfly valve with a jet hole exactly double the size of first one mentioned.  The mixer body is just a length of pipe with a bell expansion where the fuel pipe fits of about 3mm in depth.  There are no adjustments other than the butterfly.  It can be very cantankerous when setting it to run.  It does to a degree perform as required with a few hiccups along the way.  Everything I have read about these ‘mixers’ suggests this engine behaves no differently from others of this type.

For more information on these fascinating engines visit the New Way engine register page at